Batman is a fictional superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics # 27 in 1939. Originally called the 'Bat-Man', the character is also known as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight. , and the world's best detective.
Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Wayne Enterprises. Batman was created after an incident in Bruce's childhood; after witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne, he swore revenge on criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce trains himself physically and intellectually and creates a bat-inspired persona to fight crime.
Batman operates in fictional Gotham City with the help of several supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, Police Commissioner Jim Gordon and vigilantes like Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not have any inhuman super powers. However, he possesses a genius intellect and is an unparalleled martial artist, and his enormous wealth provides him with an extraordinary arsenal of weapons and equipment. A wide range of villains make up Batman's villain gallery, including his nemesis, the Joker.
The character quickly gained popularity after its introduction in 1939 and was given his own comic book title, Batman, the following year. In 1943, a modified version of the character made his first film appearance in the Batman film series, followed by a sequel six years later. As the decades went on, different interpretations of the character emerged. The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which was associated with the character for years after the show ended. Several creators worked to bring the character back to his dark roots in the 1970s, culminating in Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns in 1986. The success of Warner Bros. Pictures' live-action Batman feature films has contributed to the character is prominent in mainstream culture.
Batman has been licensed and has appeared in a variety of adaptations from radio to television and film, appearing in merchandise sold around the world, such as clothing, toys and video games. Kevin Conroy, Rino Romano, Anthony Ruivivar, Peter Weller, Bruce Greenwood, Jason O'Mara, and Will Arnett, among others, have provided the character's voice for animated adaptations. Batman has been portrayed in film and television by Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Bruce Thomas, Christian Bale, Ben Affleck, David Mazouz, Iain Glen, Kevin Conroy, and Warren Christie. Robert Pattinson will play the character in the upcoming 2021 movie, The Batman.